In vitro fertilization is assisted reproductive technology (ART) also known as IVF. In this process, an egg is extracted and fertilized with sample sperm manually in a laboratory. The embryo is then transferred in the uterus.
IVF may be used to overcome female infertility when it is due to problems with the fallopian tubes, making in vivo fertilization difficult. It can also assist in male infertility, in those cases where there is a defect in sperm quality. In such situations intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) may be used, where a sperm cell is injected directly into the egg cell. This is used when the sperm has difficulty penetrating the egg. In these cases, the partner’s or a donor’s sperm may be used. ICSI is also used when sperm numbers are very low. When indicated, the use of ICSI has been found to increase the success rates of IVF
IVF success rates are the percentage of all IVF procedures that result in a favorable outcome. Due to advances in reproductive technology, IVF success rates are substantially higher today than they were just a few years ago.
Dr. Meeta Nakhare is an experienced Gynaecologist in Pune. With more than 18 years of experience in the field of gynaecology; Dr. Nakhare is also an expert infertility treatment.