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Ovarian Cysts: Causes and Symptoms

Ovarian Cysts: Causes and Symptoms

The ovaries are an extremely important part of a women’s body. They (Ovarian Cysts) are in a pair within the female reproductive system and are located one on either side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the dimensions and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and are the important source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. They influence the development of a woman’s breasts, body shape, and hair. They also regulate the monthly cycle and pregnancy.

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac and may be located anywhere within the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. differing kinds of cysts can form within the ovary. Many cysts are completely normal. These are called functional cysts and these are very commonly found. They occur during egg formation. Functional cysts normally shrink over time, usually in a few months.

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If you have got a functional cyst, you might need a check-up once more in 1 to 2 months to ensure sure that the cyst has become smaller or has completely resolved. These cysts are rarely related to cancer. But if you’re menopausal and aren’t having periods, you’ll not have functional cysts.

The other sorts of cysts are chocolate cysts, Simple cysts, or dermoid cysts. Many Female have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms it’s advisable to visit the best gynaecologist in Pune. In some the cyst will cause these problems:

  1. Pressure, fullness, or pain within the abdomen
  2. Pain during sexual activity
  3. Painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding
  4. Nausea or vomiting

To identify the sort of cyst, the subsequent tests are needed:

  1. Pelvic ultrasound

       2. CA 125 blood test– it’s a tumour marker and is usually elevated in ovarian cancer.

The ovarian cysts may be treated within the following ways:-

  1. Wait and watch: The patient waits and gets re-examined in one to 3 months to check if the cyst has changed in size. this is often a standard treatment option for ladies who are in their childbearing years, don’t have any symptoms, and have a simple cyst but smaller than 5 cm size.
  2. Surgery: If the cyst doesn’t go away after few menstrual cycles, has become larger, or looks unusual on the ultrasound, causes pain, or the female is postmenopausal, then there’s a requirement to get rid of it.

There are two surgical methods:

Laparoscopy- if the cyst looks non-cancerous on the ultrasound, CA-125 is normal then laparoscopy may be done. This procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. Very small incisions of 0.5 to 1.0 cm are needed during this surgery.

Open Surgery- if the cyst is solid and appears suspicious, then open surgery is required. The incision in open surgery is typically quite big.