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Ovarian Cysts: Causes and Symptoms

Ovarian Cysts: Causes and Symptoms

The ovaries are an extremely important part of a women’s body. They (Ovarian Cysts) are in a pair within the female reproductive system and are located one on either side of the uterus. Each ovary is about the dimensions and shape of an almond. The ovaries produce eggs and are the important source of the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. They influence the development of a woman’s breasts, body shape, and hair. They also regulate the monthly cycle and pregnancy.

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac and may be located anywhere within the body. Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets within or on the surface of an ovary. differing kinds of cysts can form within the ovary. Many cysts are completely normal. These are called functional cysts and these are very commonly found. They occur during egg formation. Functional cysts normally shrink over time, usually in a few months.

When to understand that you just Fall in High-Risk Pregnancy Group

If you have got a functional cyst, you might need a check-up once more in 1 to 2 months to ensure sure that the cyst has become smaller or has completely resolved. These cysts are rarely related to cancer. But if you’re menopausal and aren’t having periods, you’ll not have functional cysts.

The other sorts of cysts are chocolate cysts, Simple cysts, or dermoid cysts. Many Female have ovarian cysts without having any symptoms it’s advisable to visit the best gynaecologist in Pune. In some the cyst will cause these problems:

  1. Pressure, fullness, or pain within the abdomen
  2. Pain during sexual activity
  3. Painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding
  4. Nausea or vomiting

To identify the sort of cyst, the subsequent tests are needed:

  1. Pelvic ultrasound

       2. CA 125 blood test– it’s a tumour marker and is usually elevated in ovarian cancer.

The ovarian cysts may be treated within the following ways:-

  1. Wait and watch: The patient waits and gets re-examined in one to 3 months to check if the cyst has changed in size. this is often a standard treatment option for ladies who are in their childbearing years, don’t have any symptoms, and have a simple cyst but smaller than 5 cm size.
  2. Surgery: If the cyst doesn’t go away after few menstrual cycles, has become larger, or looks unusual on the ultrasound, causes pain, or the female is postmenopausal, then there’s a requirement to get rid of it.

There are two surgical methods:

Laparoscopy- if the cyst looks non-cancerous on the ultrasound, CA-125 is normal then laparoscopy may be done. This procedure is performed under general anaesthesia. Very small incisions of 0.5 to 1.0 cm are needed during this surgery.

Open Surgery- if the cyst is solid and appears suspicious, then open surgery is required. The incision in open surgery is typically quite big.


Breast Feeding your Baby

We are aware that breast feeding is extremely beneficial for the baby as well as for the mother, it also builds the relationship between the baby and the mother grows stronger. At the same time being a new mom can also be baffling as one is not aware of numerous things and faces many challenges. So let’s answer the commonly associated question with breast feeding:

  1. Why do some moms produce more breast milk than others?

The mammary tissue defines the quantity of milk produced and so different mothers have different storage capacity. But there is no reason to worry as the mother is capable of producing the amount of milk, the baby requires. However, if you feel you are unable to produce sufficient depending on your babies’ requirement then you should consult your gynaecologist.


  1. Am I producing sufficient milk for my baby?

If you worry about it then you should make a note of the following signs to get an answer to your question and if these signs are positive it means you can meet your babies need.

  1. If your breast is full before a feed and feels drained after a feed.
  2. Your baby needs feed after every 2 or 3 hours.
  3. If your baby is gaining steady weight per week.


3. How to enhance breast milk production?

  • Feeding baby frequently can help you produce more milk
  • Consume a balanced diet
  • Drink more fluids
  • Take adequate rest and quality sleep
  1. How to avoid and soothe engorged Breasts?

Breast engorged happens when the mother produces more milk than the babies’ requirement or due to blocked ducts. In such cases, it is advisable to use hand express technique or use of breast pumps to release excess milk. It is also advisable to use a hot water bag to open the blocked ducts.

  1. How to cure sore nipples?

Sore or cracked nipples can be extremely painful to avoid it the mother must make sure she is properly feeding the baby and the position is correct. Allow nipples to air dry after a feed; avoid tight-fitting bras or clothes. Wear soft cotton fabrics which would not irritate the skin.

  1. How long should I breastfeed?

One must breast feed for a minimum of 6 months to 1 year in combination with solids after 6 months. You can continue to breast feed for 2 or more years.

  1. Can I feed my baby is tested corona positive?

In such conditions, the mother is advised not to breast feed the baby as there are high chances of transmission from mother to baby and it has a high level of risk involved.

Above are the few questions out of the many which are commonly asked by the new moms as it’s a completely new process for them and sometimes it can get a bit confusing too.